Credit Charlie Riedel/Associated Press
Warren E. Buffett is not running for president. But on Monday, Mr. Buffett, the billionaire investor, volunteered more detailed information about his income taxes than Donald J. Trump, the Republican nominee, ever has.
Acknowledging for the first time that he had avoided paying federal income taxes for years by claiming nearly a billion dollars in losses in 1995, Mr. Trump then tried to shift attention to his Democratic opponent, Hillary Clinton, accusing some of her wealthy supporters of exploiting tax laws to their own advantage.
âMany of her friends took bigger deductions,â Mr. Trump said. âWarren Buffett took a massive deduction.â
Actually, he did not.
âI have paid federal income tax every year since 1944,â Mr. Buffett wrote in a letter released Monday.
âMy 2015 return shows adjusted gross income of $ 11,563,931,â he revealed. âMy deductions totaled $ 5,477,694.â About two-thirds of those represented charitable contributions, he said. Most of the rest were related to Mr. Buffettâs state income tax payments.
Mr. Buffett, the chairman of Berkshire Hathaway and one of the richest men in the world, went on to say: âMy federal income tax for the year was $ 1,845,557. Returns for previous years are of a similar nature in respect to contributions, deductions and tax rates.â
Last year, Mr. Buffett paid about 16 percent of his reported income in federal income taxes.
âI have copies of all 72 of my returns,â Mr. Buffett added, âand none uses a carry forward,â the provision that allows taxpayers like Mr. Trump to use losses from one year to avoid paying personal federal income taxes both on some previous tax returns and in future years.
Mr. Trump had previously claimed, without producing any evidence, that Mr. Buffett declared $ 873 million in losses.
As it turns out, the charitable contributions that Mr. Buffett did deduct from his income make up just a tiny portion of the more than $ 2.85 billion he donated to charity last year, he said. The reason is that the tax code limits the amount that an individual can claim in charitable deductions. Mr. Buffett, 86, has pledged to give most of his $ 65 billion fortune away.
By contrast, Mr. Trumpâs own charitable foundations â and his claims about his personal contributions â have come under scrutiny. Last week the New York attorney general ordered the Donald J. Trump Foundation to stop soliciting donations in the state because it lacked the required registration. And many of the donations that Mr. Trump had publicly boasted of turned out to have come from other peopleâs pockets, like those who had given money to the Trump Foundation.
Three pages of Mr. Trumpâs income tax returns from 1995 obtained by The New York Times show that he claimed $ 916 million in losses.
Mr. Trump has repeatedly refused to release his federal income tax returns, defying the practice of presidential candidates going back four decades. He and his campaign have offered varying reasons, but the excuse most frequently invoked is that he is under audit by the Internal Revenue Service. The I.R.S. said that an audit does not prevent Mr. Trump from making his returns public.
Mr. Buffett made the same point. âI have been audited by the I.R.S. multiple times and am currently being audited,â he wrote in the letter. âI have no problem in releasing my tax information while under audit. Neither would Mr. Trump â at least he would have no legal problem.â
The Trump campaign had no comment on Mr. Buffettâs letter.
Mr. Buffettâs tax strategies were drawn into the debate when Mr. Trump blamed Mrs. Clinton for not doing more when she was a senator to fix the tax code and close loopholes that favored Wall Street and wealthy campaign donors. Mrs. Clinton, who has pledged to raise taxes on rich Americans, while Mr. Trumpâs plans would sharply reduce them, responded that a Republican-controlled Congress had repeatedly blocked such efforts.
Mr. Buffett declined to comment further on his letter. George Soros, another billionaire entrepreneur who has supported the Clinton campaign, was also singled out by Mr. Trump for claiming outsize deductions of $ 1.5 billion on his taxes. A spokesman for Mr. Soros, Michael Vachon, said he had no comment.
Mr. Buffett has frequently criticized tax laws and loopholes for enabling him to pay a smaller share of his income in taxes than his secretary. The so-called Buffett rule, which has been endorsed by Mrs. Clinton, would require people who earn more than $ 5 million to pay at least 30 percent of their income in taxes.
Mr. Buffett did concede that his tax payments have, at times, been much smaller. In 1944, he admitted, when he was just 13, âI owed only $ 7 in tax that year.â